- 帖子： 254
- 注册时间： 周四 6月 10, 2021 4:11 pm
There were numerous risks in operating seagoing bulk ships. Shipboard safety issues that are important require careful planning and caution. This site provides quick information to the international shipping industry on how to load and disperse bulk cargo. But, it should not go beyond the limits that are set by the classification society. It is crucial to ensure that the ship's structure is not strained and that every safety precaution is taken in order to ensure safety at sea. The details pages of bulk carriers are filled with information that can be beneficial to those who work at the terminal and those working aboard.
General characteristics of seagoing bulk ships
Bulk carriers are equipped with a single deck and include top-side and hopper tanks. They are able to carry bulk cargo, which is a single item. Solid bulk cargo is any material other than gas or liquids comprised of a mixture of granules and particles. It is able to be loaded directly into cargo containers without any kind of confinement. Dry cargo comprises bulk grains, sugar, and even ore. In the broadest sense of the word, the term bulk carrier encompasses all vessels designed for the carriage of solid or liquid cargo in bulk form that is, for example, tankers. The term is commonly used for ships that transport solid bulk cargos. This would include grains and other agricultural commodities. Peruse this obo carrier blog for more.
What Is Bulk Carrier?
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
Carrying Capacity ranges from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers with small- to medium-sized bulk (carrying the maximum amount of 40,000 tonnes) typically have cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels employ facilities that are located on shores, which allows for loading or unloading.
Cargo hold dimensions are usually big free of obstructions. They also come with larger hatches that allow for easy loading/unloading.
Most bulk carriers have one ballast hold. It can be used to improve stability on ballast voyages. One or two further holds can be allowed to partially ballast, but only when in port.
-They are available in single pull or stacking (piggyback) types of hatch covers made of steel.
-Quatre types de ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom of wing slopes downwards tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks
Bulk cargo that is solid? Solid bulk cargo is any substance other than gases or liquids composed of particles, grains, or larger pieces and which can be loaded directly into cargo area without extra containment. It is essential to make sure that all cargoes are ready for loading, regardless of whether they're "clean" or "dirty" and there isn't any contamination. The cargo space must be cleaned in a way that allows loading. Surveyors are often required to check the space to ensure that it is safe for loading. To avoid contamination, it's important that all traces of prior cargoes are cleared. The bulk cargo is more vulnerable to water damage. This means that the storage areas need to be dry to allow cargo to enter. Furthermore, hatch covers must also be watertight and sealed if needed to prevent water ingress. Every fitting (ladders or pipe guards as well as bilge covers) within the hold must be examined. It is crucial to examine all fittings in the hold for cargo (ladders and pipe guards etc.) and make sure they are installed correctly. They could cause severe damage to conveyor belts, which can cause delays. If the equipment is discharged accidentally with cargo, the ship could be held liable. Have a look at this dry bulk vessels site for more.
Bulk Carrier, Bulker This vessel is intended to carry dry cargo. Conventional bulk carriers are constructed with a single-deck, single skin, double bottom and the hopper side tank. Topside tanks inside cargo spaces are also available. Bulk carriers can load bulk cargo of any kind that is light or heavy grain up to their maximum deadweight. The loading, carriage and finally the discharge of bulk cargo that is dry is not as simple or straightforward as many people think.
Carrier for bulk materials that does not require gear
Many bulk cargoes contain dangerous substances or change their properties in transport. The ship may be damaged due to improper loading e.g. The ship could bend if it is loaded at the maximum forward holding. This is known as stress? can lead to dangerous situations on the sea during severe weather. Remaining cargoes can be impacted by the residuals of other cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are susceptible to damage from water. cement power. It is not always easy to verify the exact weight of the cargoes that were loaded or removed. These factors can are serious for safe bulk cargo transportation. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes naturally form a circle when loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle of repose is known as "angle of repose" and is different based on the particular cargo. Iron ore cargoes can form a steep-angled cone whereas the cargo that flows freely will make a cone that is shallow. A cargo with a low angle or repose can shift during the course of. When cargo is nearing completion, bulldozers may have to be used to spread the load into holds. The majority of dry bulk carriers rely on dock facilities to discharge cargo and load it onto the shores however certain bulk carriers come with self-unloading features with conveyors below the cargo holds or with cranes mounted on deck.